I had a lot of fun creating my last ml5.js app – which classifies a photo using mobileNet. For this project, I wanted to dive deeper into ml5.js. After exploring the ml5.js website, I thought it would be fun to use the poseNet pre-trained model to draw features on my face – poseNet is a machine learning model that allows for real-time human pose estimation by finding different points on your body and face.
The ml5.js poseNet cat app I created turns the viewers’ face into a cat. I used PoseNet to find the eyes, and p5.js to draw cat eyes on the eye location. I did the same for the whiskers, nose and ears. I added in some extra math so the cat parts will resize depending on how far the user is away from the camera. I then added in some buttons that are linked to audio files so the user can have a meowing, hissing, or purring noise in the background if they choose.
To create the html framework I added in the external script tags needed to run ml5.js poseNet, p5.js, Bootstrap and Google Fonts. I added in three buttons that the user will be able to press to generate cat noises. Each of these buttons is tied to a function that activates an audio file. I also added in 3 audio file html elements into the page – these are hidden on the website.
I added in a background image of cats. I added in some styling for the canvas – I wanted it to look like a picture frame so I added in extra padding. I rotate the webcam screen slightly for a cool effect on the screen. I also pushed the buttons to the bottom of the page.
I created 3 functions for activating the noises on the website – meow, purr, hiss. Whenever a user clicks on a button, it will activate the corresponding noise. In function setup the canvas is initiated and a size is set to it.
In the gotPoses function I check if there are poses present, if more than 0 poses are present then I assign a pose to the pose array. The pose array contains x, y coordinates (just like the x,y graphs we had to make back in middle/high school) for specific locations on the face and body. For example my left eye is located at: pose.leftEye.x, pose.leftEye.y, and my nose is located at the position: pose.nose.x, pose.nose.y.
In the draw function I calculate the distance between the eyes and set it to a variable of d. I use the d for resizing the shapes depending on how far or close I am to the screen.
The outer eye was created using the ellipse p5 shape. I used p5.js to create all the shapes. The first two numbers are the x and y coordinates, and the 2nd two numbers are the width and the height: ellipse(x, y, w, h). The width and the height are variables of the distance (variable d) between eyes, so the eyes would resize depending on how far or close a user is the screen. To calculate these d variables, I played around with different numbers until I reached a desired image result. I created the inner eye using a similar method. I used the ellipse from p5 again. I gave the inner eyes a shorter width, and a different color. The inner eyes width and height were set to variables of d as well so they will resize upon how far the user is from the computer.
To calculate the nose I used the triangle p5.js tool. The triangle in p5.js is calculated by 3 coordinates of where you want the triangle placed: triangle(x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3). I played around with different variables of d until the nose was in the right position. I used d variables so the nose would resize correctly.
I used a similar method for calculating inner and outer ears. I used the same triangle formula as above to calculate the ears as well. I played around with different coordinates until they were in the correct position. I used the nose as a reference from which to base the ear coordinates on, but could have also used eyes as a reference as well. I made the coordinates variables of d so they would resize. I made the outer ear larger than the inner ear. The outer ear is black and the inner ear is a salmon color.
To draw the whiskers I used the line function from p5.js: line(x1, y1, x2, y2). To do so I specified two sets of points I wanted the line to connect to. I made these points variables of d like with the other shapes.
Voilà! This was a really fun project and demonstrates the capabilities of poseNet.